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USDA IA & NE Hay                                   12/12 12:20
WH_GR310  
Kearney, NE    Thu Dec 12, 2019    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending Dec 13, 2019

  Compared to last week alfalfa, grass hay and ground and delivered 
hay sold steady. Buyer inquiry light to moderate for in-state feeding 
needs with good demand for hay leaving the state.  Some contacts stated 
hard to move hay off of fields due to soft ground conditions. Many 
contacts are planning on baling cornstalks after the snow melts from the 
fields and will continue to bale as long as the stalks are in good shape. 
Note: All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn, unless 
otherwise noted.

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00. Good large rounds 93.00-105.00. 
Prairie Hay: Premium large rounds 120.00-125.00; Good large rounds 90.00-
100.00; Fair large rounds 75.00-85.00. Premium small squares 170.00-
180.00. Cane in large rounds 65.00-70.00. Cornstalks large rounds 
53.50-55.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 300.00.  
 
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Premium large rounds 130.00; Good large rounds 105.00-110.00. 
Grass hay: Good large rounds 115.00. Cornstalk bales 50.00. Ground and 
delivered alfalfa 140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa/cornstalk 
mix 125.00-135.00. Cane/stubble mix ground and delivered 115.00. Ground 
and delivered cornstalks 95.00-110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 
protein 270.00-275.00, few at 285.00; Sun-cured alfalfa 15 percent 
protein 240.00.

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 200.00-215.00; Premium large squares 
180.00-195.00; Good large squares 160.00-170.00; Fair large squares 
130.00-140.00. Straw large squares 80.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 percent protein 255.00. 

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/wh_gr310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov  

1200c tlw

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